Nicholson, Ben

Nicholson, Ben
   b. 1894, Denham, Buckinghamshire; d. 1982
   Painter
   The son of the Victorian painter William Nicholson, Ben Nicholson was one of the best-known British painters of the twentieth century and a pioneer of abstract art. His early work concentrated on still lifes and landscapes, often in a cubist style. In the 1930s he spent much time in Paris, where he met Mondrian, under whose influence Nicholson began to specialize in painted reliefs. This uncompromising and ‘unBritish’ new work, such as the 1935 White Relief in the Tate, used only right angles and circles. Such arrangements put him in the vanguard of the British abstract movement, and he was a member of the influential artists’ group Unit One as well as an editor, with Leslie Martin, of the constructivist manifesto Circle. He later moved on to serene painted abstracts with solid blocks of colour. His first wife, Winifred Nicholson, was also a distinguished painter, and his second wife was the famous sculptor Barbara Hepworth, with whom Nicholson lived at St Ives in the 1940s and began the local art movement centred there.
   See also: Moore, Henry; painting; sculpture
   PETER CHILDS

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

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  • NICHOLSON (BEN) — Ben NICHOLSON 1894 1982 L’œuvre du peintre anglais Ben Nicholson, synthèse de réalisme et d’abstraction, alliance entre la géométrie et l’observation sensible, s’écarte des tendances continentales autant qu’elle s’y réfère. Sa maturation a été… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nicholson, Ben — ▪ British artist born April 10, 1894, Denham, Buckinghamshire, England died February 6, 1982, London       English artist whose austere geometric paintings and reliefs were among the most influential abstract works in British art.       The son… …   Universalium

  • Nicholson,Ben — Nich·ol·son (nĭkʹəl sən), Ben. 1894 1982. British painter known for his Cubist still lifes and abstract geometric landscapes. * * * …   Universalium

  • Nicholson, Ben — ► (1894 1982) Pintor británico. Evolucionó hacia una abstracción lírica y personal. Autor de Sevenbark y Relieve …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ben Nicholson — Portrait of Ben Nicholson by Mabel Pryde, circa 1910 1914 Birth name Benjamin Lauder Nicholson Born 12 Ap …   Wikipedia

  • Ben Nicholson — [Ben Nicholson] (1894–1982) an English artist who was one of the first in Britain to produce ↑abstract paintings (= ones that arrange shapes and colours in a satisfying way instead of showing things in a realistic way). His second wife was… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nicholson — Nicholson, Ben Nicholson, Jack …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ben Nicholson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nicholson. Ben Nicholson, Mabel Pryde, circa 1910 1914 Ben Nicholson est un peintre britannique né le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ben Nicholson — Ben Nicholson, Mabel Pryde, zirka 1910 1914 Ben Nicholson (* 10. April 1894 in Denham in der Grafschaft Buckinghamshire; † 6. Februar 1982 in London) war ein britischer Maler und Objektkünstler. Nicholson war der Sohn des Malers …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicholson Baker — in December 2007. Nicholson Baker (born January 7, 1957) is a contemporary American writer of fiction and non fiction. As a novelist, he often focuses on minute inspection of his characters and narrators stream of consciousness, and has written… …   Wikipedia

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